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Shetland Entomological Group

 

 

None of these lists can be reproduced without written permission from SEG or SBRC.

LEPIDOPTERA
butterflies and moths

compiled by Mike Pennington with thanks to a great many but particularly Geoff & Donna Atherton, Keith Bland, Jon Clifton, Wendy Dickson, Paul Harvey, Svend Kaaber, the late Ian Lorimer, George Petrie, Frances Ratter, Nick Riddiford Paul Sclater and Terry Rogers.

The best known of the insect orders in Shetland, but because of their strong powers of flight, immigration is frequent and species are are regularly added to the list. The most important sources of information from the 19th century are Weir (1880), Vaughan (1880), Briggs (1884), South (1888) and King et al. (1896). Other records come from Barrett (1895 et seq.), Meyrick (1928) and South (1961). In the 20th century, lists were published by Beirne (1945) and Wolff (1971) and Pennington (1999), although Kettlewell & Cadbury (1963), Goater (1969, 1973) and Bradley et. al. (1973, 1979) also add useful information, but the following list includes information from a great many sources. Numbers are Bradley & Fletcher Logbook numbers.

Only confirmed new species recorded in 2004 have been added. Otherwise, all records known to me until the end of 2003 are included.

Eriocranidae

[13 Eriocrania semipurpurella (Steph.)  X?: recorded by Meyrick but not known from any other source.]

Hepialidae

14 Hepialus humuli (Linn.) Ghost Moth  R: common throughout the islands, except Fair Isle. Shetland and Faroese specimens are subspecies thulensis Newman, with dark males, although pale specimens also occur. May-August, but mainly July.

[17 Hepialus lupulinus (Linn.)  Common Swift  X?: probably misidentification of sandhill form of H. fusconebulosa.]

18 Hepialus fusconebulosa (Deg.)  Map-winged Swift  R: common  throughout the islands. The Shetland form ab. zetlandicus forms a small proportion of the population. May-August but mainly June-July.

Nepticulidae

66 Stigmella sorbi (Stt.)  R: larval mines found on a lone native Rowan near Brae in 1973.

Incurvariidae

Incurvariinae

129 Incurvaria maculella  ([D. & S.]) U: one record - Muckle Roe in May 2004.

Zygaenidae

[166 Zygaena exulans (White) Scotch Burnet  X: specimens falsely labelled.]

[169 Zygaena filipendulae (Linn.) Six-spot Burnet  AI: a newly emerged adult beside newly bought plants on Unst in June 1997.]

Tineidae

Tineinae

227 Monopis laevigella ([D. & S.])  Skin Moth  RS: locally frequent on Mainland, Unst and Fair Isle. June-August.

245 Tinea pallescentella (Stt.) Large Pale Clothes Moth RS: very locally common around outhouses on Fair Isle, Foula, central Mainland and Unst. All year, but mainly May-September.

247 Tinea trinotella (Thunb.)  U: one taken on Unst in 1895 and possibly recorded on Foula but no recent records.

Ochsenheimeriidae

252 Ochsenheimeria urella (F.v.R.)  Cereal Stem Moth U: taken on Unst in 1895 but no recent records.

Gracillariidae

Gracillariinae

282 Caloptilia elongella (Linn.)  R(N?): scarce, Eswick, central Mainland. September-December.

293 Caloptilia syringella (Fabr.)  R(N?): scarce in established deciduous plantations in central and west Mainland; also on Unst in 19th century. May-August.

294 Aspilapteryx tringipennella (Zell.)  R: scarce on Mainland, Unst and Foula. June-August.

Sesiidae

[383 Bembecia muscaeformis (Esp.) Thrift Clearwing  X: larval mines reported on Unst in 1884 but no evidence that this species was really involved.]

Choreutidae

385 Anthophila fabriciana (Linn.) Nettle-tap  R: abundant throughout the islands, even uninhabited islands such as Oxna, but usually near buildings. June-August.

[389 Choreutis pariana (Cl.)  Apple Leaf Skeletoniser X?: listed by Meyrick but not known from any other source.]

Glyphipterigidae

397 Glyphipterix thrasonella (Scop.)  R: frequent in damp areas throughout the islands. Always as the plain upland form cladiella. June-August but mainly July.

Yponomeutidae

Argyresthiinae

418 Argyresthia conjugella Zell. Apple Fruit Moth  U: two records - several at Eswick, central Mainland, in July 1996 and one on Fair Isle in June 2003.

Yponomeutinae

424 Yponomeuta evonymella (Linn.) Bird-cherry Ermine  M: six in 1994, 20 in 1996 and one in 2003; Mainland, Bressay and Unst. July-August.

[425 Yponomeuta padella (Linn.) Orchard Ermine  X: the published record in Pennington (1997) was a misidentification.]

427 Yponomeuta cagnagella (Hb.) Spindle Ermine  V: four records - south and west Mainland and Foula, all in August 1996.

453 Ypsolopha dentella (Fabr.) Honeysuckle Moth  R: several at Tresta, west Mainland, and one at Kergord, central Mainland, in August 2003.

Plutellinae

464 Plutella xylostella (Linn.) Diamond-back Moth  M possibly also temporarily R: scarce to abundant depending on weather for immigration; throughout the islands. April-December but mainly June-September.

466 Rhigognostis senilella (Zett.)  R: common throughout the islands. All year but mainly August-September and April-May.

467 Rhigognostis annulatella (Curt.)  R: frequent throughout the islands. July-October and, rarely, March-May.

Epermeniidae

478 Phaulernis fulviguttella (Zell.)  R: only recent records from Fair Isle and Foula. July.

Coleophoridae

518 Coleophora mayrella (Hb.)  U: one record - Fair Isle in July 1994.

[522 Coleophora lineola (Haw.)  X?: listed by Meyrick but not known from any other source.]

562 Coleophora asteris (Mühl.)  U: one record - Eswick, central Mainland, in August 1996.

562 Coleophora obscenella (Herr.-Sch.)  U: one record - Burrafirth, Unst, in July 1998.

568 Coleophora versurella Zell.  R: but only six records, three at Eswick, central Mainland, two at Baltasound, Unst, and one on Foula. July-September.

572 Coleophora vestianella (Linn.)  U: one record - Eswick, central Mainland, in July 1994.

584 Coleophora alticolella  Zell.  R: frequent on Foula and north Mainland but presumably overlooked elsewhere. July.

Elachistidae

598 Elachista kilmunella Stt.  U: one record - Foula in July 1996.

599 Elachista alpinella Stt.  R: scarce, south and central Mainland, Foula and Unst. July-August.

602 Elachista apicipunctella Stt.  R: but only three records, at Veensgarth, central Mainland, in July 1996 and 1997 and Eswick, central Mainland, in July 2003.

610 Elachista argentella (Cl.)  R: but only two records, at Norwick, Unst, in June 1996 and on Fair Isle in July 1997.

[628 Biselachista eleochariella (Stt.)  X: specimens are misidentifications of the next species.]

630 Biselachista albidella (Nyl.)  R: scarce on Foula and central Mainland, also Unst 19th century. July.

Oecophoridae

Oecophorinae

647 Hofmannophila pseudospretella (Stt.) Brown House-moth  RS: common indoors throughout the islands, scarce outdoors. Originally introduced into Britain 19th century. All year but commonest in July.

648 Endrosis sarcitrella (Linn.) White-shouldered House-moth  RS: abundant throughout the islands, mainly indoors, but often outdoors in summer. All year but commonest in June-July.

Depressarinae

672 Depressaria pastinacella (Dup.) Parsnip Moth  U: only record from Eswick, central Mainland, August 1996.

674 Depressaria badiella (Hb.)  R: frequent throughout the islands, except Bressay. August-September.

687 Exaeretia allisella Stt.  U: one record - Eswick, central Mainland, in August 1994.

688 Agonopterix heracliana (Linn.)  R: locally common in central Mainland and on Bressay and Unst. All months but mainly September and April.

689 Agonopterix ciliella (Stt.)  R: 19th century records from Shetland with no other data; present and breeding on Foula. February-July and September-November.

692 Agonopterix subpropinquella (Stt.)  U: one record - Eswick, central Mainland, in August 1996.

695 Agonopterix alstromeriana (Cl.)  U: three records - Veensgarth, central Mainland, in August 1996; Bressay in September 2000; and Eswick, central Mainland, in October 2000.

695 Agonopterix arenella ([D. & S.])  U: one record - Fair Isle in September 1999.

705 Agonopterix nervosa (Haw.)  U: five records - Foula in August 1994; Veensgarth, central Mainland, in August 1996; Bressay in August 1996 and August 2002; and Virkie, south Mainland, in August 2003.

Gelechiidae

Gelechiinae

735 Monochroa tenebrella (Hb.)  U: two records - Haroldswick, Unst,in 1895 and Eswick, central Mainland, in July 1996.

[738 Monochroa tetragonella (Stt.)  X?: recorded by Curzon on Unst 19th century but omitted from later lists.]

[786 Bryotropha desertella (Dougl.)  X?: recorded on Foula in 1960s but unconfirmed.]

787 Bryotropha terrella ([D. & S.])  R: scarce throughout the islands, except Bressay. June-August.

788 Bryotropha politella (Stt.)  presumed R: only record from St Ninians Isle, south Mainland, in July 1996.

790 Chionodes fumatella (Dougl.)  U: one record - Ocraquoy, south Mainland, in August 1996.

797 Neofaculta ericetella (Geyer)  R: locally frequent on Muckle Roe, one recent record from Unst and 19th century records from Mainland and Unst. May-July.

811 Scrobipalpa samadensis (Pfaff.)  R: locally common on Mainland, Foula and Unst, as the British subspecies plantaginella (Stt.). June-August.

812 Scrobipalpa instabilella (Dougl.)  V: one record - Fair Isle in August 1994. A record from Foula in July 1969 is unconfirmed.

818 Scrobipalpa atriplicella (F.v.R.)  V: 13 records - one in central Mainland in August 1994 and about twelve in central Mainland, Foula and Unst in August 1996.

[822 Scrobipalpa acuminatella (Sirc.)  X: misidentification of Monopis laevigella.]

[825 Phthorimaea operculella (Zell.) Potato Tuber Moth  AI: in an imported bag of Cyprus potatoes on Foula in 1995.]

Momphidae

Momphinae

882 Mompha locupletella ([D. & S.])  R: common at Haroldswick, Unst, in 1895 but only recent records on Bressay in July 2001 and at Eswick, central Mainland, in August 2002.

Cosmopterigidae

Cosmopteriginae

898  Limnaecia phragmitella Stainton  V: one record - Eswick, central Mainland in August 2004.

 Tortricidae

Tortricinae

945 Aethes cnicana (Westw.)  R: frequent in 19th century but only four recent singles in south and central Mainland, Foula and Bressay. July-August.

[946 Aethes rubigana (Treit.)  X?: at least one record in 19th century but provenance unclear.]

947 Aethes smeathmanniana (Fabr.)  V: 11 records - two in 1996, seven in 1997, and singles in 1998 and 2000; south and central Mainland and Unst. August.

954 Eupoecilia angustana (Hb.)  R: common in grassy areas on Unst, Yell and Mainland, as the Shetland subspecies thuleana Vaugh., originally described as a new species. June-July.

960 Falseuncaria ruficiliana (Haw.)  R: scarce in south and central Mainland. June-July.

964 Cochylis dubitana (Hb.) U: one record - Virkie, south Mainland, in July 2003.

974 Argyrotaenia ljungiana (Thunb.)  R: but only record is from Hermaness, Unst, in June 1995.

986 Syndemis musculana (Hb.)  R: common on hills, throughout the islands except Fair Isle, as the subspecies musculinana Kennel, which is also found in Orkney and the Outer Hebrides. May-July.

988 Aphelia viburnana ([D. & S.]) Bilberry Tortrix  R: common on Fair Isle, but only one other record, on Foula in August 1995. June-August.

989 Aphelia paleana (Hb.) Timothy Tortrix  R: adults and larval spinnings at Sandvoe, north Mainland, in July 1973.

991 Clepsis senecionana (Hb.)  R: frequent on hills, throughout the islands except Fair Isle. May-June.

[999 Adoxophyes orana (F. v. Rosl.)  Summer Fruit Tortrix  AI: one indoors at Baltasound, Unst, in November 1998.]

[1008 Philedone gerningana ([D. & S.])  X?: included in several lists but no dated records traced.

[1009 Philedonides lunana (Thunb.)  X?: listed by Meyrick but not known from any other source.]

[1020 Cnephasia stephensiana (Doubl.) Grey Tortrix  X?: listed by Bradley et al. but original record not traced.]

1029 Eana osseana (Scop.)  R: abundant in grassy areas and low heaths throughout the islands. July-September.

1031 Eana penziana (Thunb.)  R: frequent around coasts throughout the islands, as the subspecies colquhounana Barr. which is found throughout northern Britain. July-September.

1041 Acleris sparsana ([D. & S.])  R(N?): first recorded in 1973, now locally common in plantations on Mainland and Unst. August-September.

1043 Acleris aspersana (Hb.)  R: common throughout the islands. August-September.

1045 Acleris notana (Don.)  U: two records - singles at Eswick, central Mainland, and Baltasound, Unst, on the same date in September 1996.

1048 Acleris variegana ([D. & S.]) Garden Rose Tortrix  R(N?): first recorded in 1994 but locally frequent on Mainland, Bressay and Unst. August-October.

1053 Acleris hastiana (Linn.)  R: first recorded in 1973 and scarce in central Mainland and Bressay. September-November and March-April.

1055 Acleris hyemana (Haw.)  R: first recorded in 1993 but frequent on moorland in central Mainland, Muckle Roe and Unst. April-May.

1060 Acleris maccana (Treit.)  U: two records - Eswick, central Mainland, and Baltasound, Unst, in September 1996.

1062 Acleris emargana (Fabr.)  R(N)?

1062a Acleris stettinensis (Leraut) R(N)?

One or other or both locally frequent in plantations on Mainland, but one from Fair Isle in September 2003 determined as stettinensis, a recently recognised British species; other Shetland records require reassessment. August-October.

Olethreutinae

1076 Celypha lacunana ([D. & S.])  R: common throughout the islands, except Fair Isle. July-August.

1071 Olethreutes arbutella (Linn.)  R: first recorded in north Mainland in 1972 and subsequently found on Muckle Roe. June-August.

1073 Olethreutes schulziana (Fabr.)  R: frequent on moorland on Mainland, Foula and Unst. June-July.

[1077 Olethreutes obsoletana (Zett.)  X?: listed by Bradley et al. but original record not traced.]

1084 Hedya ochroleucana (Fröl.)  U: one record - Ocraquoy, south Mainland, in August 1996. A Hedya sp. on Foula in August 1994 could not be identified to species.

1103 Endothenia ericetana (Humph. & Westw.)  U: one record - Veensgarth, central Mainland, in August 1996.

1104 Endothenia quadrimaculana (Haw.)  R: one on Unst in 19th century and just single records since, from north Mainland in 1972 and central Mainland in 1995. July.

1108 Lobesia abscisana (Doubl.)  M: one at Eswick, central Mainland, in August 1994, and about 26 on Mainland, Bressay and Unst in August 1996.

1109 Lobesia littoralis (Humph. & Westw.)  R: frequent throughout the islands. June-September.

1110 Bactra furfurana (Haw.)  U: one record - Eswick, central Mainland, in August 1994.

1111 Bactra lancealana (Hb.)  R: common in damp grassland and moors throughout the islands. June-August.

1117 Ancylis unguicella (Linn.)  R: frequent on drier moorland throughout the islands except Fair Isle. May-July.

1138 Epinotia nisella (Cl.)  V: eight records - in south and central Mainland and Unst in August 1996.

1148 Epinotia mercuriana (Fröl.)  R: common or abundant on hills throughout the islands. July-August.

1152 Epinotia maculana (Fabr.)  U: one record - Eswick, central Mainland, on unknown date in 1996.

1154 Epinotia caprana (Fabr.)  R: scarce on Mainland and Unst. August-September.

1156 Epinotia solandriana (Linn.)  V: one record – Burrafirth, Unst, in September 1997.

1157 Crocidosema plebejana (Zeller)  V: one record - 2 on the same night at Eswick, central Mainland, in September 1998.

1159 Rhopobota naevana (Hb.) Holly Tortrix  M: at least 23 in 1996, three in 1997 and one in 1999. Mainland, Bressay, Unst and Fair Isle. August.

1162 Rhopobota myrtillana (Humph. & Westw.)  R: but only record is from Nibon, north Mainland, in June 1995.

1163 Zeiraphera ratzeburgiana (Ratz.) Spruce Bud Tortrix  RN: three singles collected from Eswick, central Mainland, in August 1995 and 1996.

1164 Zeiraphera rufimitrana (H.-S.)  U: four singles recorded from south and central Mainland and Unst in August 1996.

1165 Zeiraphera isertana (Fabr.)  U: one record - Eswick, central Mainland, in August 1996.

1166 Zeiraphera griseana (Hb.) Larch Tortrix  RN: locally common around conifer plantations on Mainland and Unst. July-September.

1183 Epiblema foenella (Linn.)  V: two records - singles on the same night at Easter Quarff, south Mainland, and Veensgarth, central Mainland, in August 1996.

1195 Eucosma lacteana (Treit.)  V: one record - Eswick, central Mainland, in August 1996.

1200 Eucosma hohenwartiana ([D. & S.])  R: but only two singles identified, from south Mainland in July and August 1996.

1201 Eucosma cana (Haw.)  R: scarce on Mainland, Muckle Roe, Bressay and Fair Isle. June-August.

[1208 Pseudococcyx posticana (Zett.)  X?: listed by Bradley et al. but original record not traced.]

[1240 Laspeyresia molesta (Buck) Oriental Fruit Moth  AI: one at Veensgarth, central Mainland, in July 1996.]

1255 Cydia succedana ([D. & S.])  R: locally common on Unst but only one recent record from Mainland. June-July.

[1261 Cydia pomonella (Linn.) Codlin Moth  AI: larva in imported apple in 1994 and single adults found indoors on two other occasions.]

[1276 Dicrorampha plumbagana (Treit.)  X?: in several lists but no details traced.]

[1279 Dicrorampha acuminatana (Lien. & Zell.)  X?: listed by Meyrick but not known from any other source.]

[1280 Dicrorampha consortana (Steph.)  X?: found on Unst in 1895 but not known from any other record so probably a misidentification.]

1283 Dicrorampha montanana (Dup.)  R: locally common on Mainland, Bressay, Yell and Unst. July-August.

Alucitidae

1288 Alucita hexadactyla (Linn.) Twenty-plume Moth U: two records - Bressay in August 1997 and Eswick, central Mainland, in September 2002.

Pyralidae

Crambinae

1289 Euchromius ocellea (Haw.)  V: two records - Eswick, central Mainland, in September 1995 and August 2003.

1293 Chrysoteuchia culmella (Linn.)  R: noted as ‘rare’ in 19th century; only recent record at Easter Quarff, south Mainland, in August 1996.

1294 Crambus pascuella (Linn.)  R: noted as ‘rare’ in 19th century; only recent records on Foula in June 2000 and July 2004.

1301 Crambus lathoniellus (Zinck.)  R: locally common in dry, grassy areas throughout the islands. May-July.

1302 Crambus perlella (Scop.)  U: noted as ‘rare’ in 19th century; six recent records in central Mainland and on Unst and Foula, possibly immigrants. June-July.

1303 Agriphila selasella (Hb.)  V: two records - both at Eswick, central Mainland, in August 1996.

1304 Agriphila straminella ([D. & S.])  R: abundant in grassy areas throughout the islands. June-September but mainly July-August.

1305 Agriphila tristella ([D. & S.])  M: about 17 records - one in 1990, about ten in 1996, two in 2002 and four in 2003; south and central Mainland, Fair Isle and Foula; July-August.

[1306 Agriphila inquinatella ([D. & S.])  X: the published record in Pennington (1997) was a misidentification.]

[1309 Agriphila geniculea (Haw.)  X: the published record in Pennington (1997) was a misidentification.]

1315 Catoptria furcatellus (Zett.)  R: locally common on Ronas Hill in north Mainland and Foula. July-August.

1324 Pediasia aridella (Thunb.)  V: one record - Eswick, central Mainland, in August 1996.

1325 Platytes alpinella (Hb.) V: one record - Eswick, central Mainland, in August 1996.

Scopariinae

1334 Scoparia subfusca (Haw.)  R: scarce on Fair Isle, north and central Mainland and Unst. June-August but mainly July.

1334 Scoparia ambigualis (Treit.)  R: common throughout the islands. June-August.

[1335 Dipleurina lacustrata (Panz.)  X?: only record in 1880s, found in collection sent to Germany, so proveneance unclear.]

[1336 Eudonia pallida (Curt.)  X?: listed by South and Briggs but not in other lists and the only recent record is unconfirmed.]

1337 Eudonia alpina (Curt.)  R: locally common in south and central Mainland, Foula and Unst. May-July but mainly June.

1338 Eudonia angustea (Curt.)  R: common throughout the islands. July-October but mainly August-September.

[1344 Eudonia mercurella (Linn.)  X?: listed by Beirne but not known from any other source.]

Pyraustinae

1365 Pyrausta despicata (Scop.)  R: locally frequent in dry heathery areas, central Mainland, Unst and Muckle Roe. May-July but mainly June.

1368 Loxostege sticticalis (Linn.)  V: about 18 records - 15 in August 1996 on Mainland, Bressay, Fair Isle, Foula and Unst, two on Unst in July-August 1997 and one in central Mainland in August 2003.

1388 Udea lutealis (Hb.)  R: common throughout the islands. July-September.

1375 Ostrinia nubalis (Hb.) European Corn-borer  V: one record - Eswick, central Mainland, in July 2003.

1395 Udea ferrugalis (Hb.) Rusty-dot Pearl  M: first recorded in 1994 and almost annual since, maximum c. 15 in 1996; south and central Mainland, Unst, Fair Isle and Foula.  July-September.

1398 Nomophila noctuella ([D. & S.]) Rush Veneer  M: just about annual in variable numbers, occasionally common, as in 1996; throughout the islands. May-October, but most in autumn.

[1403a Duponchelia fovealis  AI: one found dead indoors in south Mainland in October 1999 following overseas holiday.]

1405 Pleuroptya ruralis (Scop.) Mother of Pearl  M: annual in  in 1994-98, maximum c. 50 in 1996, but no others until c. 12 in 2003; south and central Mainland and Unst. July-August.

Phycitinae

1438 Trachycera suavella (Zinck.)  V: one record - Eswick, central Mainland, in July 2003.

1439 Trachycera advenella (Zinck.)  V: one record - Eswick, central Mainland, in August 1994.

1451 Pyla fusca (Haw.)  U: two records - Sullom, north Mainland, in July 1996 and Eswick, central Mainland, in July 1997.

1453 Pima boisduvaliella (Hb.)  V: one record - Eswick, central Mainland, in July 2003.

1454 Dioryctria abietella ([D. & S.])  M: singles in 1991 and 1994, over 30 in 1996 and two in 1997; throughout the islands. July-August.

1458 Myelois cribrella (Hb.) Thistle Ermine  V: two records - Fair Isle in June 1992 and June 2002.

[1473 Ephestia elutella (Hb.) Cacao Moth  AI: three records - Fair Isle in July 1992 and Unst in July 1993 and May 1994.]

[1479 Plodia interpunctella (Hb.) Indian Meal Moth  AI: several found in west Mainland in packet on walnuts from abroad.]

Pterophoridae

Platyptiliinae

1501 Platyptilia gonodactyla ([D. & S.])  R: scarce in south Mainland and Unst. July-September.

1508 Stenoptilia bipunctidactyla (Scop.)  R: locally frequent throughout the islands, except Fair Isle. July-September.

Pterophorinae

1524 Emmelina monodactyla (Linn.)  RN?: scarce at Eswick, central Mainland, and on Bressay. September-January.

Hesperiidae

[1532 Erynnis tages (Linn.) Dingy Skipper  X: specimens in the British Museum are presumed mislabelled.]

Papilionidae

1539 Papilio machaon (Linn.) Swallowtail  V: two records - Voe, central Mainland, in August 1994 and Fair Isle in September 1995.

Pieridae

Coliadinae

1545 Colias croceus (Geoff.) Clouded Yellow  V: four records - Fair Isle in July to August 1980 and May and August 1992 and Bressay in June 1998.

Pierinae

1549 Pieris brassicae (Linn.) Large White  R and M: apparently only common since mid 20th century and population levels vary considerably; recent breeding records from all islands Fetlar and Fair Isle, in 1990s, immigrants  throughout the islands, May-September, local population June-August.

Pieris rapae (Linn.) Small White  V: at least four records - Yell in 1970s and Fair Isle in June 1978, August 1989 and July 1992. Possibly other records not traced.

Pieris napi (Linn.) Green-veined White  V: one record - Bressay in July 1994.

Lycaenidae

Lycaeninae

[Lycaena phlaeas (Linn.) Small Copper  X: unconfirmed record of one at Catfirth, central Mainland in September 1997.]

[Aricia artaxerxes (Fabr.) Northern Brown Argus  X: one reported by the botanist Druce in the 1920s was presumably a female of the next species.]

Polyommatus icarus (Rott.) Common Blue  formerly R, now extinct: locally common in south Mainland in 1960s and 1970s, possibly present before that and more widespread, but this is unconfirmed. Only records since are unconfirmed.

Nymphalidae

Nymphalinae

1590 Vanessa atalanta (Linn.) Red Admiral  M: annual in variable numbers, hundreds in good years when breeding also occurs, but they cannot overwinter; throughout the islands. April-October but mainly June-September.

1591 Cynthia cardui (Linn.) Painted Lady  M: virtually annual in variable numbers, usually scarcer than the previous species, but can be much commoner, as in 1980 and 1996, and rarely breeds; throughout the islands. April-October but mainly June-September.

1593 Aglais urticae (Linn.) Small Tortoiseshell  M: virtually annual in small numbers, maximum c. 15 in 1996, and has never bred; throughout the islands but commonest on Fair Isle. May-October but has also been recorded hibernating.

1596 Nymphalis antiopa (Linn.) Camberwell Beauty  V: 11 records - Foula and Scalloway 19th century; Unst in August 1901; Bressay in July 1976; Lerwick in August 1982; Fetlar in 1982; Foula in August 1995; Bressay in September 1995;  south Mainland in August 1996 and July 1999; Unst in August 2002.

1597 Inachis io (Linn.) Peacock  M: singles in 1961 and 1969, nine in 1975/76, one in 1983, then virtually annual since 1991, maximum c. 18 in 1995; throughout the islands. May-September but has also been recorded hibernating.

Satyrinae

1626 Maniola jurtina (Linn.) Meadow Brown  V: one record - Fair Isle in June 1980.

1627 Coenonympha pamphilus (Linn.) Small Heath  V: one record - Fair Isle in June 1980.

[1628 Coenonympha tullia (Müll.) Large Heath  X: specimens reputedly taken in the 19th century were erroneous or falsely labelled]

Danainae

1630 Danaus plexippus (Linn.) The Monarch  V: one record - Bixter, west Mainland, in September 1941.

Lasiocampidae

[1637 Lasiocampa quercus (Linn.) callunae (Palmer) Northern Eggar  X: specimen from Unst seen by Beirne presumed misread or mislabelled.]

Saturniidae

[1634 Saturnia pavonia (Linn.) Emperor Moth  AI: one found on cruise ship released on Fair Isle in May 1992.]

Endromidae

[1644 Endromis versicolora (Linn.) Kentish Glory  X: old specimens believed to be mislabelled.]

Thyatiridae

[1655 Tethea or ([D. & S.]) Poplar Lutestring  X?: recorded by South but not known from any other source.]

[1657 Ochropacha duplaris (Linn.) Common Lutestring  X?: recorded by South but not known from any other source.]

Geometridae

Sterrhinae

1677 Cyclophora albipunctata (Hufn.) Birch Mocha  V: one record - Eswick in May 2002.

1682 Timandra griseata (Peters.) Blood-vein  V:  five records - four in south and central Mainland in August 1996 and one in south Mainland in July 2003.

1690 Scopula imitaria (Hb.) Small Blood-vein  V: one record - Norwick, Unst, in August 1994.

[1702 Idaea biselata (Hufn.) Small Fan-footed Wave  X: a record from Fair Isle in 1987 has been withdrawn by the observer].

Larentiinae

1716 Rhodometra sacraria (Linn.) The Vestal  V: one record - Eswick in August  2000.

1720 Orthanoma obstipata (Fabr.) The Gem  V: six records -  Eswick, central Mainland, in October 1994, August 1996 and October 2003; Baltasound, Unst, in September 1998; and Foula in September 1998 and September 2002.

1723 Xanthorhoe decoloraria (Esp.) Red Carpet  R: common  throughout the islands. The Shetland subspecies hethlandica Prout is restricted to the islands. June-October but mainly July-August.

1727 Xanthorhoe montanata ([D. & S.]) Silver-ground Carpet  R: common throughout the islands. The Shetland subspecies shetlandica Weir is restricted to the islands. June-August.

1728 Xanthorhoe fluctuata (Linn.) Garden Carpet  R: frequent  throughout the islands and the only Shetland macromoth with a regular second brood. The melanic ab. thules forms a small proportion of the population. April-September.

[1737 Epirrhoe tristata (Linn.) Small Argent & Sable  X?: recorded by South but not known from any other source.]

1738 Epirrhoe alternata (Müll.) Common Carpet  V: one record - Eswick, central Mainland in August 1996.

1742 Camptogramma bilineata (Linn.) Yellow Shell  R: frequent, but very local, on Mainland, Muckle Roe, Fair Isle and Unst. Most specimens conform to the subspecies atlantica (Stdgr.) which may also occur in the Outer Hebrides. June-August.

1744 Entephria caesiata ([D. & S.]) Grey Mountain Carpet  R: locally frequent, throughout the islands except Fair Isle. July-August.

1749 Pelurga comitata (Linn.) Dark Spinach  V: one record - Fetlar in August 1991.

[1750 Lampropteryx suffumata ([D. & S.]) Water Carpet  X?: in BRC data from the 1960s but not known from any other source.]

[1753 Nebula salicata (Hb.) Striped Twin-spot Carpet  X?: recorded by Meyrick and on Fair Isle in the 1950s presumably in error for P. didymata.]

1755 Eulithis testata (Linn.) The Chevron  R: common  throughout the islands, but only one record from Fair Isle. August-September.

1756 Eulithis populata (Linn.) Northern Spinach  R: common or locally abundant throughout the islands, except Fair Isle. July-August.

1760 Chloroclysta siterata (Hufn.) Red-green Carpet  R: scarce in central Mainland. September.

1761 Chloroclysta miata (Linn.) Autumn Green Carpet  R: scarce in central Mainland, Fair Isle, Foula and Unst. September-October (none in spring).

1762 Chloroclysta citrata (Linn.) Dark Marbled Carpet  R: locally frequent throughout the islands, except Fair Isle. Shetland specimens are subspecies pythonissata Milliere, also found in Orkney. July-September but mainly August.

[1764 Chloroclysta truncata (Hufn.) Common Marbled Carpet  X?: worn specimen reported on Foula in the 1960s presumed to be misidentification of the previous species.]

1768 Thera cognata (Thunb.) Chestnut-coloured Carpet  R: very local on Juniper on Muckle Roe and north Mainland. August.

[1771 Thera juniperata (Linn.) Juniper Carpet  X: recorded by South but disproved later.]

1777 Hydriomena furcata (Thunb.) July Highflier  R: frequent or locally abundant throughout the islands. July-September but mainly August.

1787 Rheumaptera hastata (Linn.) Argent & Sable  U: two record - Shetland specimen exhibited in London in 1891 and one at Kergord, central Mainland, in July 2000.

1799 Operophtera brumata (Linn.) Winter Moth  R: common or locally abundant, throughout the islands, except Fair Isle and Foula. November-February but manly December.

[1804 Perizoma bifaciata (Haw.) Barred Rivulet  X?: records from north and central Mainland in 1961 and 1962 later withdrawn by one of the observers.]

1806 Perizoma blandiata ([D. & S.]) Pretty Pinion  R: scarce 19th century on Mainland; one on Bressay in 1985 and recent records from singles sites on Yell and in north Mainland. June-July.

1807 Perizoma albulata ([D. & S.]) Grass Rivulet  R: locally common throughout the islands, except Fair Isle. The Shetland population is separated as the subspecies subfasciaria Boheman. June-August.

1809 Perizoma didymata (Linn.) Twin-spot Carpet  R: locally common throughout the islands, but possibly declining. Subspecies hethlandica only seems to form a small proportion of the population. July-September.

[1817 Eupithecia pulchellata (Steph.) Foxglove Pug  X?: recorded by Barrett but not known from any other source.]

1823 Eupithecia venosata (Fabr.) Netted Pug  R: locally frequent in the vicinity of beaches throughout the islands. The Shetland subspecies fumosae Gregson is also found in Orkney (with other forms). May-June.

1825 Eupithecia centaureata ([D. & S.]) Lime-speck Pug  V: five records - Foula and two at Eswick, central Mainland in August 1996; Burrafirth, Unst, in August 1997; and Eswick in September 2002.

1828 Eupithecia satyrata (Hb.) Satyr Pug  R: common throughout the islands as the the Shetland subspecies curzoni Gregson. May-July.

1832 Eupithecia assimilata Doubl. Currant Pug  RN: locally frequent in south and central Mainland, Bressay and Unst. May-September.

[1834 Eupithecia vulgata (Haw.) Common Pug  X?: two on Fair Isle in August 1955 were presumably misidentified.]

[1837 Eupithecia subfuscata (Haw.) Grey Pug  X?: included in a list of BRC data but not known from any other source.]

1846 Eupithecia nanata (Hb.) Narrow-winged Pug  R: many old records known to have been confused with E. satyrata. but four recent singles on Fair Isle and one from Muckle Roe. June.  

1851 Eupithecia virgaureata Doubl. Golden-rod Pug  U: one record - Virkie, south Mainland, in July 2003.

1854 Eupithecia pusillata ([D. & S.]) Juniper Pug  R and M: locally common on Fair Isle but nine singles in central Mainland, Fetlar and Unst are presumed immigrants. August.

1856 Eupithecia lariciata (Freyer) Larch Pug  RN: locally frequent at Kergord, central Mainland. June-August.

1862 Gymnoscelis rufifasciata (Haw.) Double-striped Pug  V: one record - Fair Isle in September 2003.

1866 Carsia sororiata (Hb.) Manchester Treble-bar  R: locally frequent on Mainland, Yell and Foula with an old record from Unst. The Shetland population is the British subspecies anglica Prout. July-August.

Ennominae

1884 Abraxas grossulariata (Linn.) The Magpie  U: first recorded in 1991, then singles in 1996 and 1998 and annual records since 2000 inc. c. 50 in 2003, so possibly colonising; throughout the islands. July-August.

 [1906 Opisthograptis luteolata (Linn.) Brimstone Moth  AI: one on Foula in June 2002 probably brought from England with trap or seeds.]

1923 Coltois pennaria (Linn.) Feathered Thorn  V: one record - Eswick, central Mainland, in October 2000.

[1929 Lycia lapponaria (Harr.) Rannoch Brindled Beauty  X?: recorded by Wolff in his Faroese list but not known from any other source.]

1934 Agriopos marginaria (Fabr.) Dotted Border  R: only known from around Burn of Valayre, central Mainland. March

1935 Erannis defoliaria (Linn.) Mottled Umber  RN: locally common two sites in central Mainland, presumably imported with trees. October-December.

[1941 Alcis repandata (Linn.) Mottled Beauty  X?: in BRC data from the 1960s but not known from any other source.]

1952 Ematurga atomaria (Linn.) Common Heath  R: locally common in drier, heathery areas on Mainland. May-June.

1954 Bupalus piniaria (Linn.) Bordered White  V: two records - male at Baltasound, Unst, in June 1992 and female at Eswick, central Mainland, in June 1995.

Sphingidae

Sphinginae

1972 Agrius convolvuli (Linn.) Convolvulus Hawkmoth  M: regular since 19th century, with c. 20 in 1917, and annual since 1988 at least usually small numbers but c. 55 in 2003; throughout the islands. August-September, but singles in May and July.

1952 Acherontia atropos (Linn.) Death’s-head Hawkmoth  M: fairly regular at end of 19th and beginning of 20th century but only three recent records - Sullom Voe, central Mainland, in June 1992, Scalloway in September 1992 and Lerwick in August 1999.

[1976 Sphinx ligustri (Linn.) Privet Hawkmoth  X?: one record from central Mainland in August 1991 but confirmation required.]

[1981 Laothe populi (Linn.) Poplar Hawkmoth  AI: one found on a cruiseship was released on Fair Isle in June 1999.

Macroglossinae

1984 Macroglossum stellatarum (Linn.) Humming-bird Hawkmoth  M: only four records traced before 1992 but virtually annual since, maximum 11 in 2003; throughout the islands. May-November.

1985 Daphnis nerii (Linn.) Oleander Hawkmoth  V: two records – Baltasound, Unst, in September 1997 and Mossbank, central Mainland, in September 2002.

1987 Hyles gallii (Rott.) Bedstraw Hawkmoth  M: records traced from only four years before 1990 but virtually annual since, maximum c.25 in 1998, and larvae found in 1992 and 2003; throughout the islands. June-August.

1990 Hyles livornica (Esp.) Striped Hawkmoth  V: four records - Baltasound, Unst, in May 1932, and Mid Yell, Whalsay and Lerwick in July 1952.

Lymantridae

2026 Orygia antiqua (Linn.) The Vapourer  V: one record - male at Walls, west Mainland, in September 1987.

2031 Leucoma salicis (Linn.) White Satin Moth  V: one record - male at Petester, Unst, in July 1938.

Arctiidae

2054  Utestheisa pulchella (Linn.) Crimson Speckled  V: one record - Fair Isle in October 1961.

2056 Parasemia plantaginis (Linn.) Wood Tiger  R: locally common on Mainland, Muckle Roe and Foula; old records from Unst. Moths have been assigned to the northern Scottish subspecies insularum Seitz June-August.

2057 Arctia caja (Linn.) Garden Tiger  V: 12 records - south Mainland in July 1995; seven in south and central Mainland, Yell and Unst in August 1996; off Foula in July 2001; south Mainland, Foula and Unst in July 2003.

2063 Spilosoma urticae (Linn.) Water Ermine  V: one record - Fair Isle in June 2002.

2069 Tyria jacobaeae (Linn.) Cinnabar  V: one record - Fetlar in June 2002.

Ctenuchidae

Euchromiinae

[2074a Antichloris eriphia (Fabr.) Banana Stowaway  AI: one in bananas in March 2001.]

Noctuidae

Noctuinae

2081 Euxoa tritici (Linn.) White-line Dart  R: locally common around beaches on Mainland, Burra and Noss. July-August.

[2082 Euxoa nigricans (Linn.) Garden Dart  X?: included on several lists but no records traced.]

2083 Euxoa cursoria (Hufn.) Coast Dart  R but possibly extinct: local around beaches on Unst and north Mainland but not recorded since 1974. August.

2087 Agrotis segetum ([D. & S.]) Turnip Moth  M: first recorded in 1994 and less than annual since with nearly all records at Eswick, central Mainland, but singles in south Mainland in 1999 and 2000 and on Fair Isle in 2002. June-October.

2089 Agrotis exclamationis (Linn.) Heart and Dart  V: nine records - Fair Isle in June 1992; three in south and central Mainland in June-July 1993; two in Unst and one in central Mainland in June 1997; one in central Mainland in June 2000; and one in south Mainland in July 2003.

2091 Agrotis ipsilon (Hufn.) Dark Sword-grass  M: in variable numbers, occasionally hundreds; recorded throughout the islands. All months except January but commonest in September.

2101 Ochropleura flammatra  ([D.&S.]) Black Collar  V: one record - Eswick, central Mainland, in June 1997.

2102 Ochropleura plecta (Linn.) Flame Shoulder  R: first recorded on Foula in 1996 and resident there; only five  records elsewhere, in south and central Mainland and Bressay, possibly immigrants. June-September but mainly June-July.

2104 Standfussiana lucernea (Linn.) Northern Rustic  R: locally common, especially  in rockier areas. July-September.

2105 Rhyacia simulans (Hufn.) Dotted Rustic  U: old records only, details not traced.

2107 Noctua pronuba (Linn.) Large Yellow Underwing  R: probably also immigrant in some years; common throughout the islands. May-November, mainly August-September.

2108 Noctua orbona (Hufn.) Lunar Yellow Underwing  U: two taken on Unst in July 1884 - confirmation would be desirable.

2109 Noctua comes Hb.  Lesser Yellow Underwing  U: recorded 19th century and in 1962 but only eight (??) recent records from Fair Isle, central Mainland and Noss. July-September.

2110 Noctua fimbriata (Schreb.) Broad-bordered Yellow Underwing  V: at least eight records - south Mainland in August 1994; central Mainland in August 1995; and at least five in south and central Mainland and Unst in August 1996; and central Mainland in August 1998.

2111 Noctua janthe Borkh. Lesser Broad-bordered Yellow Underwing  U: 13 records - two in central Mainland in August 1993; four in central Mainland and another on Unst in August-September 1996; two in central Mainland in August 1997; three on Unst in August-September 2000; singles on Foula and in central Mainland in August 2003.

2112 Noctua interjecta Hb. Least Yellow Underwing  V: two records - Eswick, central Mainland, in August 1996 and August 1997.

2117 Eunorisma glareosa (Esp.) Autumnal Rustic  R: common  throughout the islands. The dark form edda increases from less than 5% in the south to over 95% of the population on Unst. August-September.

2118 Lycophotia porphyrea ([D. & S.]) True Lover’s Knot  R: common  throughout the islands. July-August.

2119 Peridroma saucia (Hb.) Pearly Underwing  M: virtually annual in small numbers, maximum c.25 in 2000; throughout the islands. June-October but mainly September.

2120 Diarsia mendica (Fabr.) Ingrailed Clay  R: abundant  throughout the islands. The supposed Shetland subspecies thulei Staud. forms only a tiny part of the population. June-October, mainly July-August.

[2121 Diarsia dahlii (Hb.) Barred Chestnut  X?: recorded in BRC data in the 1960s but original source not traced.]

2122 Diarsia brunnea ([D. & S.]) Purple Clay  V: two records - Burrafirth (?), Unst, in July 1914 and Norwick, Unst, in August 1996.

2123 Diarsia rubi (View.) Small Square Spot  R: first recorded in south Mainland in 1959, now common  throughout the islands, and apparently still increasing with first record on Foula in 1995. June-October but mainly July-August.

2125 Xestia alpicola (Zett.) Northern Dart  R: apparently common on Mainland and Unst in the 19th century, but not recorded since 1932, although most records in odd years. Shetland specimens are of the British subspecies alpina Humph. & Westw. (June-July?).

2126 Xestia c-nigrum (Linn.) Setaceous Hebrew Character  M: just about annual in small numbers, maximum c.50 in 2000; throughout the islands. May-October but mainly September.

2128 Xestia triangulum (Hufn.) Double Square-spot  V: two records - Eswick, central Mainland, in July 1995 and August 2002.

2130 Xestia baja ([D. & S.]) Dotted Clay  U: singles on Unst in 1959 and August 1996 and in south and central Mainland in July 2003 but up 4 in a night at Tresta, west Mainland, in August 2003.

2133 Xestria sexstrigata (Haw.) Six-striped Rustic  V: one record - Fair Isle in ?? 2004.

2134 Xestia xanthographa ([D. & S.]) Square-spot Rustic  R: locally common, throughout the islands. July-October but mainly August-September.

2135 Xestia agathina (Dupon.) Heath Rustic  V: one record - Fair Isle in September 2002.

2137 Eurois occulta (Linn.) Great Brocade  M: less than annual, occasionally hundreds, as in 1996; throughout the islands. July-September but mainly August.

2138 Anaplectoides plasina ([D. & S.]) Green Arches  V: two records - on the same date at Burrafirth, Unst, and Eswick, central Mainland, in August 2004.

Hadeninae

[2143 Anarta cordigera (Thunb.) Small Dark Yellow Underwing  X?: published reference from 19th century probably erroneous.]

2144 Anarta melanopa (Thunb.) Broad-bordered White Underwing  R: apparently frequent on Unst and Mainland in 19th century; only two recent records, in north Mainland in 1992 and 2004. June.

2145 Discestra trifolii (Hufn.) The Nutmeg  M: singles in 1974 and  1992, c.15 in 1994, five in 1995, hundreds in 1996, and two in 1998; throughout the islands, except Fair Isle. June-September but mainly August.

2147 Hada plebeja (Linn.) The Shears  R: common,  throughout the islands. April-July but mainly May-June and three singles in September.

[2149 Polia trimaculosa (Esp.) Silvery Arches  X?: recorded by Beirne but omitted from later lists.]

2154 Mamestra brassicae (Linn.) Cabbage Moth  U: only  records traced on Unst in 1884 and 1916, south Mainland in early 1960s and 1992, and singles on Unst and central Mainland in 1994. June-September.

2158 Lacanobia thalassina (Hufn.) Pale-shouldered Brocade  U: Unst and south and west Mainland in 1959-62, Fetlar in 1991, Unst and central Mainland in 1992, south Mainland in 1993, central Mainland in 1996. Overlooked since? June-July.

2159 Lacanobia suasa ([D. & S.]) Dog’s Tooth  V: at least 10 records - at least 7 at in south and central Mainland and Unst in July-August 1996 and at least 3 in central Mainland in June-July 1997.

2160 Lacanobia oleracea (Linn.) Bright-line Brown-eye  M: ‘a few’ in 1884, one in 1893, one in 1994, about six in 1996, three in 1997, three in 2002, and at least 12 in 2003. June-September.

2162 Papestra biren (Goeze) Glaucous Shears  R: first recorded in 1995 but occasional on Mainland and Unst. May-June

2163 Ceramica pisi (Linn.) Broom Moth  V: six records - Baltasound, Unst, in June 1992 and August 1996; two at Eswick, central Mainland, in June 1996 and one there in May 1997; and Quendale in June 2000.

2171 Hadena confusa (Hufn.) Marbled Coronet  R: locally common around suitable beaches throughout the islands. May-August but mainly June-July.

2173 Hadena bicrurus (Hufn.) The Lychnis  R: frequent  throughout the islands, except Fair Isle. May-September but mainly July.

2176 Cerapteryx graminis (Linn.) Antler Moth  R: abundant,  throughout the islands. June-September but mainly July-August.

[2177 Tholera cespitis  ([D. & S.]) Hedge Rustic  X?: in a list of BRC data but not known from any other source.]

2188 Orthosia incerta Clouded Drab (Hufn.)  V: two records - at Eswick, central Mainland, in April 2003.

2190 Orthosia gothica (Linn.) Hebrew Character  R: common  throughout the islands, except Foula. February-July but mainly April-May.

2198 Mythimna impura (Hb.) Smoky Wainscot  R: locally frequent around sandy beaches in south and central Mainland and Burra, but also recorded from Fair Isle and Foula, possibly as an immigrant. July-August.

2199 Mythimna pallens (Linn.) Common Wainscot  M: one in 1895, one in 1992, two in 1994, c. 30 in 1996, two in 2002 and two in 2003; throughout the islands. May-September.

2203 Mythimna unipuncta (Haw.) White-speck  V: about 11 records - about seven in south and central Mainland in June-July 2000; one on Foula in October 2002; three in south Mainland or on Foula in September 2003.

Cuculliinae

[2225 Brachylomia viminalis (Fabr.) Minor Shoulder-knot X?: recorded by Barrett but not known from any other source]

2229 Dasypolia templi (Thunb.) Brindled Ochre  R: frequent and locally common, throughout the islands. August-June.

2232 Aporophyla nigra (Haw.) Black Rustic  V: six records - two on Fair Isle in September 1991; Fair Isle and Baltasound, Unst, in September 1996; Foula in September 1997; Eswick, central Mainland, in September 2000.

2233 Lithomoia solidaginis (Hb.) Golden-rod Brindle  V: three records - two of the grey Continental form at Eswick, central Mainland in August 1997 and one there in August 2002.

2236 Lithophane hepatica (Cl.) Pale Pinion  V: one record -  Eswick, central Mainland, in September 2000.

2241 Xylena vetusta (Hb.) Red Sword-grass  M: recorded in 19th century and virtually annual since 1992, possibly hibernating and may be resident; on Mainland, Fair Isle, Bressay and Unst. August-November and April-May but mainly September.

2242 Xylena exsoleta (Linn.) Sword-grass  R: only four records of adults - Fair Isle in April 1992 and October 1999 and Eswick, central Mainland, in May and September-October 1997 - but larva found on Fair Isle in 2004.

2248 Dryobotodes eremita (Fabr.) Brindled Green  V: one record - Eswick, central Mainland, in September 1993.

2250 Mniotype adusta (Esp.) Dark Brocade  R: common  throughout the islands, except Fair Isle. May to August but mainly June-July.

2256 Eupsilia transversa (Hufn.) The Satellite  M: first recorded in 1991 and virtually annual since, maximum c.30 in 1995; throughout the islands. September-February but mainly September-October

2262 Agrochola circellaris (Hufn.) The Brick  M: recorded in 19th century, then annually since 1992, usually scarce but occasionally hundreds as in 2000, while temporary or local residence should not be excluded; throughout the islands. September-October but in August in one year.

2263 Agrochola lota (Cl.)  Red-line Quaker  V: one record - Tresta, west Mainland, in October 2004.

2273 Xanthia togata (Esp.) Pink-barred Sallow  V: three records - Eswick, central Mainland, in September 1993 and August 2003 and Bressay in September 2002.

2274 Xanthia icteritia (Hufn.) The Sallow V: ten records – most in central Mainland, in August 1994, three in August-September 1995, two in August 1996 and one in September 1998, but one on Unst in August 1996.

2275 Xanthia gilvaga ([D. & S.]) Dusky-lemon Sallow  V: one record - Eswick, central Mainland, in September 1998.

Amphipyrinae

[2288 Acronicta euphorbiae ([D. & S.]) Sweet-gale Moth  X?: recorded by Wolff in his Icelandic list but not known from any other source.]

2298 Amphipyra berbera (Linn.) Svensson’s Copper Underwing  V: one record - Eswick, central Mainland, in August 1996.

2299 Amphipyra tragopoginis (Cl.) Mouse Moth  M: first recorded in 1991, virtually annual since, maximum about six in 1996; throughout the islands. August-September .

2306 Phlogophora meticulosa (Linn.) Angle Shades  M but also possibly R and certinaly breeds regularly: scarce to abundant depending on weather; throughout the islands. March-December but commonest in autumn and also recorded in January.

2313 Enargia paleacea (Hb.) Angle-striped Sallow  V: five records - all on the same date on Unst and central Mainland in August 1996.

2314 Parastichtis suspecta (Hb.) The Suspected  M: c. 20 in 1996 and at least 6 in 2000; Unst, central Mainland and Foula. July-August.

2318 Cosmia trapezina (Linn.) The Dun-bar  M: c. 15 in 1994, and five in 1996; south and central Mainland, Foula and Unst. July-August.

2321 Apamea monoglypha (Hufn.) Dark Arches  R: scarce 19th century, now abundant throughout the islands. June-September but mainly July-August.

2324 Apamea zeta (Treit.) The Exile  R: locally common on moorland on Mainland, Muckle Roe and Unst; one undated record from Yell and an unconfirmed record from Fair Isle. Originally thought to be endemic subspecies (or species) exulis, currently placed with Scandinavian subspecies marmorata Zett. July-August.

2325 Apamea oblonga (Haw.) Crescent Striped  U: two records - Unst in 1886 and Norwick, Unst, in August 1994.

2326 Apamea crenata (Hufn.) Clouded-bordered Brindle  R: not recorded until 1959 but now locally abundant,  throughout the islands except Fair Isle. June-August but rarely in September.

2328 Apamea lateritia (Hufn.) Scarce Brindle  V: two records - singles on consecutive nights at Norwick, Unst, in August 1996.

2329 Apamea furva ([D. & S.]) The Confused  R: frequent  throughout the islands. July-September.

2330 Apamea remissa (Hb.) Dusky Brocade  R: frequent  throughout the islands. June-August but rarely in September.

[2333 Apamea anceps ([D. & S.]) Large Nutmeg  X?: recorded by South but not known from any other source.]

2334 Apamea sordens (Hufn.) Rustic Shoulder-knot  U: several  in 19th century but one at Eswick, central Mainland, in July 1996 is only recent record.

2336 Apamea ophiogramma (Esp.) Double Lobed  V: five records - on Unst and central Mainland in August 1996.

2340 Oligia fasciuncula (Haw.) Middle-barred Minor  R: common throughout the islands. June-August.

2341 Mesoligia furuncula ([D. & S.]) Cloaked Minor  V: two records - singles on consecutive nights at Ocraquoy, south Mainland, and Eswick, central Mainland, in August 1996.

2343 Mesapamea secalis (Linn.) Common Rustic  R

2343a Mesapamea didyma (Esp.) Lesser Common Rustic  R

These two species are scarce in south and central Mainland, Fair Isle, Foula, Bressay and Unst with both species confirmed by dissection and both apparently widespread. July-September.  

2345 Photedes minima (Haw.) Small Dotted Buff  U: six records at Eswick, central Mainland in July-August 1994-98, one at Veensgarth, central Mainland, in July 1997 and one on Foula in July 2003.

2350 Chortedes pygmina (Haw.) Small Wainscot  R: first recorded in 1955, now locally common throughout the islands. July-October but mainly August-September.

2353 Luperina testacea ([D. & S.]) Flounced Rustic  V: two records - Norwick, Unst, in August 1994 and  Fair Isle in August 2003.

2357 Amphipoea lucens (Freyer) Large Ear  M: probably the commonest Amphipoea, recorded in 1991, 1994-1996, 2003; throughout the islands. August.

2358 Amphipoea fucosa (Freyer) Saltern Ear  M: probably the second commonest Amphipoea, recorded in 1994, 1997, 1999 and 2003.; Fair Isle, central Mainland, Muckle Roe and Unst. The subspecies involved seems to be the nominate, not British paludis (Tutt). August.

2359 Amphipoea crinanensis (Burr.) Crinan Ear  V: one record - Fair Isle in August 2000.

2360 Amphipoea oculea (Linn.) Ear Moth  V: one record - Fair Isle in September 1991.

2361 Hydraecia micacea (Esper) Rosy Rustic  R: throughout the islands and common in south Mainland, Fair Isle and Foula. July-October but mainly August-September.

2367 Celaena haworthii (Curt.) Haworth’s Minor  R: scarce throughout the islands, except Fair Isle. July-October but mainly Auguts-September.

2368 Celaena leucostigma (Hb.) The Crescent  M: virtually annual and usually scarce, but hundreds in 1996, while temporary or local residence should not be discounted; throughout the islands. Both the nominate subspecies and scotica Cock. apparently occur. August-September.

2375 Rhizedra lutosa (Hb.) Large Wainscot  V: about 18 records - singles in 1880s and 1961, up to 15 in 1994-99, one in 2003; central and north Mainland, Fair Isle, Foula and Unst. August-October.

[2380 Charanyca trigrammica (Hufn.) Treble Lines  X?: listed by Wolff in a list of Faroese Lepidoptera in 1929 but not in his Icelandic list of 1971.]

2382 Hoplodrina blanda ([D. & S.]) The Rustic  V: one at Sandwick, south Mainland, in August 1997.

2385 Spodoptera exigua (Hb.) Small Mottled Willow  V: seven records - all in south and central Mainland in August 1996.

2389 Paradrina clavipalpis (Scop.) Pale Mottled Willow  R: scarce on Mainland and Bressay, with single records from Fetlar, Foula and Fair Isle, but only one record since 1999. June-September.

Heliothinae

2400 Helicoverpa armigera (Hb.) Scarce Bordered Straw  V: four records - Hillswick, north Mainland, in September 1961; Baltasound, Unst, in September 1996; Fair Isle in August 1997; and Burrafirth, Unst, in August 2003.

2403 Heliothis peltigera ([D. & S.]) Bordered Straw  V: four records - Westing, Unst, in 1948; Eswick, central Mainland, in August 1996 and September 2002; and Fair Isle in September 2002.

Plusiinae

2434 Diachrysia chrysitis (Linn.) Burnished Brass  V: two records - singles on Fair Isle in July 1997 and August 2001.

2436 Macdunnoughia confusa (Steph.) Dewick’s Plusia  V: three records - different singles on consecutive nights at Eswick, central Mainland, in August 1996 and another there in September 2002.

2439 Plusia festucae (Linn.) Gold Spot  R: not recorded until 1959, now scarce but widespread on Mainland, Bressay, Muckle Roe and Unst. One on Foula in June 2002 was presumed immigrant; otherwise, July-August.

2441 Autographa gamma (Linn.) Silver Y  M: annual, sometimes in enormous numbers as in August 1996 when there were tens of millions or more. Breeds after large influxes but cannot overwinter. May-October.

2442 Autographa pulchrina (Haw.) Beautiful Golden Y  R: not recorded until 1968, but now common throughout the islands, although only two records on Fair Isle. May-September, but mainly July-August.

2444 Autographa bractea ([D. & S.]) Gold Spangle  V: three records - Baltasound, Unst, in August 1996; Sullom, north Mainland, in August 1997; and Eswick, central Mainland, in August 2001.

2447 Syngrapha interrogationis (Linn.) Scarce Silver Y  M: one in 1959, six in 1961, 10 in 1996 and two in 1997;  Mainland, Fetlar and Unst. August.

Catocalinae

2451 Catocala fraxini (Linn.) Clifden Nonpareil  V: at least five records - before 1945 (?); Collafirth Hill, north Mainland, September 1969; Eswick, central Mainland, in September 1995, August 1997 and August 2002; and Ocraquoy, south Mainland, in August 1997.

Ophiderinae

2469 Scoliopteryx libatrix (Linn.) The Herald  U: recorded by Curzon in 19th century, then annually since 1994, possibly colonising from the south; throughout the islands. August-October and April-June.

Rivulinae

2474 Rivula sericealis (Scop.)  Straw Dot  V: one record - Foula in August 2004.

Hypeninae

2477 Hypena proboscidalis (Linn.) The Snout  V: one record - Fair Isle in July 2002.

 

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